Constitution

Ohev Yisrael Messianic Jewish Congregation

Preamble

Ohev Yisrael Messianic Jewish Congregation (referred to hereafter as “the Congregation”) is organized as a “Religious Trust” in accordance with Article I, Section 16 of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia for the following exclusively charitable, religious, and educational purposes:

* To worship and serve the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who is eternally existing in the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

* To proclaim Yeshua (Jesus of Nazareth) as the Messiah of Israel and of the whole earth as witnesses of His resurrection by the indwelling power of the Holy Spirit and to bring Jewish and non-Jewish people to a saving knowledge of the Messiah Yeshua through faith in His death as the only and full atonement for all of mankind’s sins.

* To provide occasions for fellowship and an environment where believers in Messiah Yeshua can express their faith and live a life in accordance with the Holy Scriptures.

* To foster the spiritual growth of those who have received Yeshua into their hearts and have acknowledged a call to the restoration of first century Jewish roots of the Faith.

* To provide for the spiritual education of both children and adults in a manner consistent with and in fulfillment of the Holy Scriptures.

* To promote the general welfare of the United States of America, its Constitution, and its people through a legal and proper application of biblical truth for the prosperity of the nations of the earth.

* To uphold the nation of Israel and its importance to the believing community and to the world in fulfillment of biblical prophecy for the Divine purpose of redeeming the nations of the earth.

* To identify as natural and adopted members with the community of Jewish people throughout the earth and to assist in worthwhile Jewish causes through practical participation.

* To advocate, among the body of believers in Yeshua (Jesus), reconciliation between Jews and Gentiles and restoration of the first century Jewish roots of the Faith.

* To impact our local and regional communities for good through charitable giving, involvement in community programs, and practical activities that promote biblically sound principles for a healthy society.

In accordance with these purposes, the Trustees of the Congregation do hereby set forth this Constitution as the document which shall govern the actions of the Congregation, including the Trustees, the Elders, the Deacons, the members, the employees, and any other individual, agent, or entity that may come under the scope of the Congregation and this Constitution.

Article I

Name and Office

1.1 The name of the congregation shall be Ohev Yisrael Messianic Jewish Congregation. The principal office of the Congregation shall be established by the Eldership and published in the By-Laws. The location may be changed at any time by a decision of the Eldership as an amendment to the By-Laws. The Congregation may have other offices, either within or without the Commonwealth of Virginia, as the Eldership may determine.

Article II

Right and Government

2.1 As provided in the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia insofar that it protects the free practice of religion, and in accordance with the terms of the Trust document (copy attached), the Congregation shall have the right to govern itself according to the standards of the Holy Scriptures. At no time shall the terms of this Constitution be construed so as to violate the laws of the Commonwealth nor the terms of the Trust document or its amendments. Neither shall this Constitution be abridged by subsequent legislation of the Commonwealth of Virginia, the United States of America, or any jurisdiction wherein the Congregation is embodied so as to diminish the Divine commission it represents.

2.2 (a) The appointment and removal of Trustees is, according to the Trust document, to be performed by existing Trustees. No Trustee shall be appointed without the unanimous consent of the Eldership. Trustees shall be members of the congregation as defined in section 8.1 of this Constitution and shall meet the character qualifications of 1 Timothy 3 and Titus 1 with regard to deacons. The Chief Elder shall be one of the Trustees.

(b) The Trustees, upon ratification of this Constitution, shall only have authority to act as designated by decisions of the Eldership. Actions taken by the Trustees apart from the specific decisions of the Eldership shall be grounds for removal as Trustees.

2.3 The Congregation shall implement its Messianic Jewish faith commissioned by the further prerogatives:

(a) To establish and maintain internal structures and services within the Congregation.

(b) To designate its own leaders, to appoint committees, to arrange for its own meetings, and to govern itself in accordance with the Trust document and this Constitution.

(c) To establish standards and examine candidates for leadership and ministry and to commission and ordain those who shall have been approved by the Eldership according to the qualifications set forth in the Holy Scriptures.

(d) To establish other congregations and related works locally, nationally, and/or internationally according to the standards set forth by the Scriptures as may be deemed appropriate and advisable by the Eldership.

(e) To create by-laws for the purpose of establishing and defining policy by which it shall be governed.

2.4 The Congregation shall have the right, as may be necessary for the furtherance of its purpose, to purchase or acquire by gifts, bequest, or otherwise, either directly or as trustee, and to own, hold in trust, use, sell, convey, mortgage, lease, or otherwise dispose of any real estate or chattels; all in accordance with the provisions of the Trust. All property of the Congregation shall be titled to the Trustees of the Congregation pursuant to section 5.12 of this Constitution.

2.5 For the purpose of any reference to the Holy Scriptures contained in this document, the King James Version or the New King James Version (copyright 1982, by Thomas Nelson, Inc.) shall be considered authoritative translations. This in no way diminishes the credibility of other translations for public and private applications elsewhere.

Article III

Apostolic Covering

3.1 The Congregation shall appoint and hold itself in submission to an Apostolic Covering (referred to in the Trust document as “arbitrator” and named in the By-Laws) with authority and limitations as indicated in sections 3.2, 3.3, and 3.4 below. The Apostolic Covering shall acknowledge in writing its willingness to serve the Congregation in accordance with the terms of this Constitution. In the event of a change in Apostolic Covering, either through resignation by the Apostolic Covering or a decision of the Eldership, the Eldership shall make it a high priority to identify and replace the Apostolic Covering. The Congregation shall be notified of the circumstances and the decision of the Eldership in such a manner as to permit timely comment and informed counsel from the membership prior to finalization of the decision.

3.2 The Apostolic Covering shall have authority to advise the Eldership and the Congregation in matters of dispute whenever requested to do so in accordance with sections 5.8(c) and 8.8 of this Constitution.

3.3 The Apostolic Covering shall have authority to advise the Eldership in any congregational matter for which it (the Apostolic Covering) deems appropriate to so advise. This advice may or may not be published to the Congregation at the discretion of the Eldership.

3.4 The Apostolic Covering shall, in the event of a vacancy in the office of Chief Elder, have the authority to advise the Eldership concerning the selection of a Chief Elder and to ordain the Chief Elder of the congregation upon selection by the Eldership. The Apostolic Covering shall also have authority to participate in ordaining other members into five-fold ministry offices as described in Ephesians 4:11.

3.5 During an appeal to the Apostolic Covering due to a dispute involving the Elders as set forth in section 3.2 above, the Eldership shall not change Apostolic Covering until the matter is resolved to the satisfaction of the existing Apostolic Covering.

3.6 The Eldership shall be permitted to enter into relationship with other affiliated entities upon informing the Congregation and allowing for membership to comment and submit counsel prior to establishing such relationship. There shall not be and in no case shall such relationship be construed as providing for more than one Apostolic Covering at a time.

Article IV

Congregational Organization

4.1 The Congregation shall have members, Deacons (Shamashim), Elders (collectively called, along with the Chief Elder, Eldership), and a Chief Elder (also called Pastor or Congregational Leader).

Article V

Eldership

General Powers

5.1 The Eldership shall, in accordance with the principles and mandates of the Holy Scriptures as contained in but not limited to 1 Peter 5:1-4, Hebrews 13:17, Exodus 18:21-23, Numbers 11:16-17, and Deuteronomy 16:18-20, oversee the application of scriptural truths and principles to the Congregation and to the activities and lives of its members. Elders shall be males, shall be members of the Congregation as defined in section 8.1 of this Constitution for at least one year and shall meet the scriptural qualifications of an Elder as defined in I Timothy 3:1-7, Titus 1:5-9, and 1 Peter 5:1-4.

Number and Tenure

5.2 The number of Elders shall be at least three (3) or, in the event that the number of Elders falls below three (3), the remaining elders, in conjunction with the Apostolic Covering, shall establish guidelines for governing which may involve participation by elders from nearby congregations and/or a greater degree of review on the part of the Apostolic Covering. These guidelines shall be announced and published within the congregation in a timely manner as soon as possible after the number of Elders falls below three and shall remain in effect until additional elders are appointed and the number of elders is restored to three. Each Elder shall hold office until he resigns, dies, or his eldership is terminated pursuant to sections 5.10 and 5.11 of this Constitution. To become an Elder an eligible man shall be nominated by the existing Elders in office, presented to and examined by the Congregation’s members for comment and counsel, confirmed by the Elders, and set into office via the laying on of hands by the Eldership.

Regular Meetings

5.3 Regular meetings of the Eldership shall be held at least monthly. The time and place of regular meetings shall be determined and announced to all Elders with sufficient advance notice to assure that all Elders desiring to be present may do so. In any event, a verbal or written notice given at least two weeks in advance shall constitute sufficient notice for the calling of a regular meeting of the Eldership.

Special Meetings

5.4 Any Elder may call for a special meeting of the Eldership. Notice of a special meeting shall be given at least five days previous thereto by written notice sent by mail or telegram to each Elder at his address as shown by the records of the Congregation. Public announcement by the Chief Elder at the Sabbath service immediately preceding the date set for such meeting shall also constitute sufficient advance notice for a special meeting.

Waiver of Notice

5.5 Any Elder may waive notice of any meeting. The attendance of an Elder at any meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice of that meeting for that Elder.

Agenda

5.6 All business to be transacted at a regular or special meeting shall be placed on an agenda by the Chief Elder and distributed to each Elder prior to such a meeting. Any Elder may place an item of business on the agenda of an upcoming meeting by submitting that item to the Chief Elder prior to the distribution of the agenda for that meeting. Business not on the agenda may be transacted if the requirement is waived by a unanimous decision of all Elders present at the meeting.

Quorum

5.7 (a) A majority of the Eldership including the Chief Elder shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting of the Eldership; but if less than a majority is present, the members present may adjourn the meeting. A quorum shall not exist if the Chief Elder is not in attendance unless he waives his right to be in attendance, or is physically or mentally incapacitated, or refuses to attend at least two consecutive Eldership meetings.

(b) If the number of Elders falls below the number required in section 5.2 above, the remaining Elders shall appoint others to serve in the capacity of Elders until new Elders can be nominated in accordance with the selection process described in section 5.2.

Manner of Acting

5.8 (a) A decision of the Eldership shall be considered the necessary and sufficient requirement to constitute a decision of the Congregation, with or without the advice or consent of the Apostolic Covering. The decisions of the Eldership shall be determined, except as provided in section 5.8 (b), by unanimous consensus of the Elders present at a regular or special meeting of the Eldership. Unanimous consensus shall be deemed to exist if no Elder seeks judgment from the Apostolic Covering in accordance with section 5.8(c).

(b) If, despite great effort to do so, unanimous consensus is not attained, the Chief Elder may act with the consensus of the majority of the Elders present, and/or with the advice of the Apostolic Covering, as dictated by the circumstances and the degree of urgency in the situation. Any action of the Chief Elder taken under these circumstances shall constitute a decision of the Eldership.

(c) In those cases where an action is taken in accordance with section 5.8(b), any Elder may subsequently ask for the matter to be judged by a representative of the Apostolic Covering as provided and defined in Article III of this Constitution. Though such judgment from the Apostolic Covering is rendered as advice to the Eldership, section 3.2 also gives the Apostolic Covering authority to address the Congregation regarding the matter.

Compensation of the Elder and Employees

5.9 The Eldership shall set the compensation of the Chief Elder and other employees of the Congregation and shall review the levels of compensation as it deems fitting and proper at its sole discretion. The Eldership may appoint a committee to evaluate the financial needs of congregational employees and the availability of funds and to make recommendations for adjusting the levels of compensation.

Removal of the Elder and the Chief Elder

5.10 An Elder may be removed for failure to meet the biblical qualifications of an Elder, for reasons stated in sections 8.5-8.8 of this Constitution or for physical or mental incapacity. Removal is by decision of the Eldership (excluding the Elder being removed), as described in Section 5.8, with a public explanation and the Elder who is being removed permitted to address the Congregation at a special meeting of the Congregation prior to such removal. After comment and counsel are received from the Congregation, removal shall be announced at a special meeting of the Congregation.

5.11 The Chief Elder may be removed for any of the reasons stated in section 5.10, but not without the rendering of a judgment by the Apostolic Covering.

 

Article VI

Chief Elder (Also called Pastor or Congregational Leader)

General Powers

6.1 For the purposes of this Constitution the terms “Pastor” and “Chief Elder” are identical. The Chief Elder shall be the principal spiritual and executive officer of the Congregation. The Chief Elder shall preside at all meetings of the Eldership and the Congregation and shall call all such meetings subject to sections 8.8, 8.9, and 8.10 of this Constitution. He shall supervise and oversee the day to day activities of the Congregation. The Chief Elder may hire, compensate, oversee, and remove staff of the Congregation subject to the Eldership’s approval.

Succession

6.2 In the event the position of Chief Elder becomes vacant, the Eldership shall, in conjunction with the Apostolic Covering as provided in Section 3.4, nominate by unanimous affirmation a replacement to assume the position. The nominee shall be presented to and examined by the members at a special meeting of the Congregation. Following such a special meeting, the Eldership shall, with due consideration to the comments and counsel obtained through the Congregation’s examination of the nominee, confirm such nominee as the Chief Elder. The confirmed nominee shall thereafter be set in as the Chief Elder at the first possible Sabbath service following the confirmation through the laying on of the hands of the Eldership and of a representative from the Apostolic Covering.

Article VII

Deacons (Shamashim)

7.1 (a) The office of Deacon is established for the purpose of overseeing the temporal responsibilities of the Congregation. To be eligible to serve as a Deacon, an individual shall have been a member of the Congregation as defined in section 8.1 of this Constitution for at least one year, and shall meet the Scriptural qualifications of a Deacon as defined in I Timothy 3:8-13.

(b) Any member or group of members may submit to the Eldership names of individuals to serve as Deacons. The Eldership shall consider the qualifications of said individuals and, upon approval, present them to the congregation at a Sabbath service. After being examined by the members of the Congregation, the nominated Deacons shall thereafter be confirmed by the Eldership and set into office via the laying on of hands by the Eldership at the first available Sabbath service.

(c) Each Deacon shall serve indefinitely at the pleasure of the Eldership and shall hold office until the Deacon resigns, dies, or is removed by a decision of the Eldership. A Deacon may be removed for failure to meet the qualifications for a Deacon, for reasons stated in sections 8.5-8.8 of this Constitution, or for physical or mental incapacity. Removal is by unanimous consent of the Eldership followed by a public explanation of such removal at a Sabbath service or at a special meeting of the Congregation not later than one month following such removal.

Article VIII

Membership

Standard of Membership

8.1 The standard of membership for this Congregation shall be:

(a) A member shall be at least 18 years of age or have written consent of a parent or guardian.

(b) A member shall express agreement with the doctrinal statement of the Congregation, including, but not limited to:

1. That the Holy Scriptures as originally written are the inerrant word of God and the only authority and rule of faith.

2. Yeshua (Jesus of Nazareth) the Messiah (Christ), born of a virgin, is uniquely the human image of God and is therefore fully God and fully man.

3. The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob is the one living and true God eternally existing in the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

4. Yeshua died, was buried, and rose from the dead on the third day in a physical body.

5. All mankind inherits a depraved nature and is universally and individually condemned under sin.

6. The salvation of man is by the grace of God alone, through faith in the sacrificial death on the cross (tree, crucifixion stake) of Yeshua on behalf of our sins.

7. Yeshua ascended unto the Father and will return in bodily form in the fullness of time.

(c) A member shall have been immersed in the mikvah (water baptism) for remission of sins in accordance with Romans 6.

(d) A member shall have received a copy of this Constitution and acknowledge that he or she is governed by the purposes and requirements contained herein.

(e) A member shall have successfully completed whatever course of instruction as the Eldership may elect to require for membership in the Congregation. A transfer member shall also provide a letter of recommendation from the leadership of his or her congregation unless released from this requirement by a specific decision of the Eldership.

(f) Any member shall be a member in good standing who lives in accordance with the requirements and the principles of the Holy Scriptures, including:

1. Regular contributions in tithes and offerings to the support of the Congregation according to his or her ability, as described in Acts 4:32 and 2 Corinthians 9:7. While accurate records of giving must be maintained by public law, this requirement shall not be construed to authorize the Congregation to demand evidence or other proof of compliance from members.

2. Regular attendance at the Congregation’s gatherings and discipleship sessions, as described in Acts 2:46 and Hebrews 10:24-25. The ability to attend, based on other demands that may be present in a member’s life, is a consideration with regard to this requirement.

3. Willingness to assume a position of service in the Congregation, as described in Galatians 5:13 and Romans 12:1, and

4. Being under no censorship or discipline as provided in sections 8.5 – 8.8 of this Constitution.

(g) The Eldership may establish a category of provisional membership for those who are pursuing membership but have not yet fulfilled all the requirements. The qualifications, rights, and limitations of provisional membership shall be defined in the bylaws of the Constitution.

Benefits of Membership

8.2 Everyone who is a member in good standing of the Congregation shall be eligible for all the benefits of membership, including:

(a) attendance at and participation in regular and special Congregational gatherings,

(b) the receiving of personal ministry and/or counseling from the Congregation,

(c) any other benefits as may from time to time be deemed appropriate by the Eldership.

Reception of Members

8.3 Persons who desire to become members of the Congregation shall make application to the Chief Elder, who together with the Eldership, shall examine the applicant(s) with respect to the Standard of Membership for a final decision. All applicants who shall have met the membership requirements as defined by the Constitution shall be received into the Congregation publicly at any of the services of the Congregation.

Withdrawal of Membership

8.4 (a) Any member of the Congregation may withdraw from membership at any time, either by submitting a written statement, or by a verbal statement made to an Elder in the presence of another member of the Congregation.

(b) Withdrawals of membership shall be announced or published within the Congregation. The circumstances of withdrawal may be told to the Congregation according to the following guidelines:

1. whether the person’s membership was full or provisional.

2. whether the member was in good standing or not in good standing.

3. whether the member is transferring to another congregation or not.

4. whether the member was under a disciplinary sanction or not.

5. whether or not the member was under a process of disciplinary inquiry or investigation.

Other information regarding the circumstances of withdrawal will only be provided if that information was released as part of a disciplinary sanction.

(c) Members seeking to transfer to another congregation may request a letter of transfer from Ohev Yisrael. The information in the letter of transfer shall conform to the guidelines contained in section 8.4(b) above.

Offenses, Dicipline, Grievances, and Appeals

8.5 In any matter of offense or dispute within the Congregation or between any member and another, regardless of position or office, the principles of Matthew 18:15-17, Matthew 5:23-24, 1 Corinthians 5:11-6:7, Deuteronomy 17:8-11, and any other applicable part of the Holy Scriptures shall provide the basis for resolution of that matter. In accordance with this standard, the following procedure shall be employed:

(a) Whoever acknowledges that his brother has offended him shall go to his brother alone, tell him his fault, and attempt to be reconciled to his brother. Whoever suspects that he has offended his brother shall go to his brother and attempt to be reconciled.

(b) If the brother will not be reconciled, the one going shall take one or two mature brothers or sisters to serve as witnesses and tell the brother his fault before the witnesses. If possible take witnesses who are actual witnesses of the offense.

(c) If the brother still will not be reconciled, bring the matter before the Eldership as representing the Congregation. If the brother still will not be reconciled, the matter shall be made known in a meeting of the Congregation, and the offender shall be called upon to repent before the Congregation. Failure to repent, as determined by the Eldership according to biblical standards, shall constitute grounds for removal from membership in the Congregation.

(d) The terms for repentance and restoration to membership shall be determined by the Eldership and made known to the offender. At the least the offender shall meet the Standard of Membership delineated in section 8.1 of this Constitution and publicly confess, repent, and make restitution for the wrongful behavior.

8.6 Besides the matter of offenses between brothers and sisters as described in section 8.5 above, a member of the Congregation may become a proper subject for minor discipline in the following ways:

(a) Prolonged absences without good cause from the services of the Congregation.

(b) Prolonged failure to support the Congregation in tithes and offerings in accordance with section 8.1(f)1.

(c) Any behavior not consistent with being a member in good standing.

Minor discipline shall be brought to the attention of the offending member by the Eldership, and the offending member shall be warned that his or her behavior is not acceptable for a member in good standing. A person who is under minor discipline may be considered a member not in good standing and may, as a consequence, be censored and not permitted to minister in services nor speak in congregational meetings.

The terms for repentance and restoration to membership shall be determined by the Eldership and made known to the offender. At the least the offender shall meet the Standard of Membership delineated in section 8.1 of this Constitution and may be required to publicly confess, repent, and make restitution for the wrongful behavior.

8.7 After investigation, members who are guilty of the following offenses shall be subject to greater disciplinary actions:

(a) Participation without repentance in sinful or anti-biblical practices, such as sexual immorality, covetousness, idolatry, reviling, drunkenness, and extortion, of which the Holy Scriptures say that we ought not to keep company nor even to eat with such persons.

(b) Promotion of discord, division, schism or lack of harmony with the teachings and/or ministries of the Congregation.

Greater disciplinary actions may include full or partial censorship, removal of membership in good standing and the benefits of membership, marking before the Congregation (see Romans 16:17-18 and Titus 3:10-11) by announcing the offender’s sin to the Congregation, and/or disfellowshipping (see 1 Corinthians 5). Whether or not a disciplinary action is made public is based on the offense and the degree of repentance of the offender, as determined by the Eldership.

The terms for repentance and restoration to membership shall be determined by the Eldership and made known to the offender. At the least the offender shall meet the Standard of Membership delineated in section 8.1 of this Constitution and may be required to publicly confess, repent, and make restitution for the wrongful behavior.

8.8 Anyone who is placed under Congregational discipline who believes he is not deserving of discipline may appeal to the Eldership. If the individual is not in agreement with the decision of the Eldership, he may request consideration by the Apostolic Covering. It is at the discretion of the Apostolic Covering whether the matter is to receive consideration. As indicated in Section 3.2, the Apostolic Covering may offer recommendations to the Eldership and make known its findings to the Congregation.

Regular Meetings

8.9 A regular meeting of the members of the Congregation shall be held once a year within the first quarter of the calendar year and at a time deemed appropriate by the Eldership. Notice of such a meeting shall be made in the Sabbath service for the two Sabbaths preceding the meeting. At such a meeting, the Chief Elder shall report to the members on the Congregation’s activities for the past year and plans for the coming year.

Special Meetings

8.10 The Eldership shall convene special meetings of the Congregation for Eldership actions and/or proposals as specified in section 8.11 of this Constitution and for regular disclosure of financial activities of the Congregation. Notice of such a meeting and the reasons therefore shall be made in the Sabbath service for the two Sabbaths preceding the special meeting.

Congregational Rights

8.11 The members of the Congregation shall be called together for a special meeting to discuss significant new Congregational directions or vision such as, but not limited to, the building of new buildings or the establishment of a Congregational school, the removal of an Elder as defined in section 5.10 of this Constitution, the appointment of a new Chief Elder in the event of a vacancy, the removal of the Chief Elder, amendments to this Constitution, and any other issue the Eldership deems appropriate to submit to the members. Members shall be permitted to provide comment and/or counsel regarding individuals presented to the Congregation for examination such as nominees for Chief Elder, Elder, and Deacon and for matters of significant consequence as described elsewhere in this Constitution. This shall be accomplished by notifying Eldership in person or in writing within two weeks after the announcement of examination is given.

Article IX

Contracts

9.1 The Eldership may authorize the Trustees, and the Trustees may appoint an agent or agents to enter into any contract or execute and deliver any instrument in the name of or on behalf of the Congregation. Such authority may be general or confined to specific instances.

Checks and Drafts

9.2 All checks, drafts, or orders for the payment of money, notes or other evidences of indebtedness issued in the name of the Congregation shall be signed by such agent or agents of the Congregation and in such manner as shall from time to time be determined by resolution of the Eldership.

Deposits

9.3 All funds of the Congregation shall be deposited to the credit of the Congregation in such banks, trust companies, or other depositories as the Eldership may select.

Article X

Non-Discriminatory Policy

10.1 The Congregation adopts a racially non-discriminatory policy in connection with any present or future congregational function in that it admits all members of the human race without regard to color, national or ethnic origin to all rights, privileges, programs, and activities of the Congregation and does not discriminate on the basis of race in administration of its educational, religious, and other programs. Distinctions may be made for legitimate biblical purposes and for professing identity with biblically defined roles and life styles for men and women, Jews and non-Jews, and bond and free.

Article XI

Budget, Books, and Records

11.1 The Eldership shall prepare an annual budget for the Congregation and shall publish the budget to the members of the Congregation. The Eldership shall keep correct and complete books and records of account.

All books and records, except those that pertain to private giving or other private, personal matters, may be inspected by any member for any proper purpose at any reasonable time. The Eldership shall ensure that there

is a review of the Congregation’s books and records once a year. The results of such a review shall be reported to the members at the regular meeting of the Congregation. Such a review shall be made available to any member for review in the principle office of the Congregation during the Congregation’s business hours.

11.2 In accordance with the TRUST document and a letter from the District Director of the Internal Revenue Service of the Department of the Treasury dated October 31, 1989, the congregation is approved by the United States Government for exemption from Federal income tax under section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code as an organization described in section 501(c)(3). The Congregation is not a private foundation within in the meaning of section 509(a) of the Code, being rather an organization described in sections 509(a)(1) and 170(b)(1)(A)(i).

11.3 In accordance with the Trust document, in the event of dissolution of the Congregation, any and all remaining funds and assets shall be donated to another 501(c)(3) organization as determined by the Trustees.

Article XII

Fiscal Year

12.1 The fiscal year of the Congregation shall begin on the first day of January and end on the last day of December in each year.

Article XIII

Admendments and By-Laws to the Constitution

13.1 Subject to articles 8.10 and 8.11, this Constitution may be altered, amended, or repealed and a new Constitution may be adopted by a decision of the Eldership at a special meeting of the Eldership. Amendments shall be distributed to members, and members shall acknowledge having received a copy. By-laws shall be established through a decision of the Eldership and shall be published, announced, and made available to members without requiring a signature.

 

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